ONLY PIEDMONTESE FASSONA
Of very ancient origin, the history of the Piedmontese breed dates back to the Paleolithic era, about thirty thousand years ago, when wild bovine species merged with herds of zebu from Pakistan. The new crossbreed spread mostly in Italy and, in particular along the pastures of Piedmont, perhaps because the Alps acted as a natural barrier. Rustic and resilient, excellent for milk and meat, this breed was used as a working animal, a factor that probably influenced genetics and ended up generating a hypertrophy of the muscles of the rump and thighs.
DE BONNE FAÇON
This particular muscular conformation has generated the term Fassone, borrowed from the French expression de bonne façon, which means «of good built». In fact, the best Fassone had strong muscles in the shoulder, rump and thigh, and were called “double thigh” or, in Piedmontese dialect, bucin dla cheussa «cattle of the thigh». A mutation that was increasingly sought after starting from the Nineteenth century, when breeders, especially those from Alba, made it suited for the production of meat.
Today the Piedmontese Fassone is mainly bred in the provinces of Cuneo and Turin. It is appreciated for its high value at the slaughterhouse (which even exceeds 70%) and the fine bone structure, which allows a greater number of cuts when compared with cattle of greater size.